The Parliamentary Ombudsmen regularly inspect public authorities and courts in Sweden. During an inspection one of the Ombudsmen and his or her staff review files and other documents. They meet the senior administrators and public officials of the public authority and continuously discuss matters during the inspection. An inspection concludes with a report from the ombudsman to the agency's management listing errors or shortcomings that may have been noted during the inspection, and the measures needed to remedy them.
Issues that could not be resolved during an inspection may result in a new inquiry launched on the ombudsman's own initiative.
National Preventive Mechanism – NPM
As from 1 July 2011 the Parliamentary Ombudsmen have a special unit – the OPCAT unit – which has the task of monitoring to make sure that individuals deprived of their liberty are not exposed to cruel, inhumane or other degrading treatment or punishment.
The OPCAT unit of the Parliamentary Ombudsmen regularly inspects places in Sweden where individuals deprived of their liberty are being held, reports on its visits and takes part in international cooperation in this area.