The Ombudsmen or the Parliamentary Ombudsmen (JO) to give them their official title, are appointed by the Swedish Riksdag (Parliament) to ensure that public authorities and their staff comply with the laws and other statutes governing their actions.
The Parliamentary Ombudsmen form one pillar of parliamentary control in Sweden. The task of the Ombudsmen is to review the implementation of laws and other regulations in the public sector on behalf of the Riksdag and independent of the executive power. This review includes courts of law and other public authorities as well as their employees.
The basis for the work of the Ombudsmen is the individual's interest in being treated lawfully and correctly by the authorities. The Ombudsmen form one pillar in constitutional protection for the basic freedoms and rights of individuals.
In addition to the Parliamentary Ombudsmen (JO), Sweden has a number of other ombudsmen who review specific fields. Examples include the Equality Ombudsman, the Ombudsman for Children, the Press Ombudsman and the Consumer Ombudsman.